Articles (in thematic order)



Unrecognised States


‘The Secret Lives of Unrecognised States: internal dynamics, external relations and counter-recognition strategies’, Small Wars and Insurgencies, 27/3 March 2016 pp. 440-466.

‘Nation-building and elections in an unrecognised state: the case of Abkhazia’, in Rico Isaacs and Abel Polese eds. Nation-Building and Identity in the post-Soviet Space: New tools and approaches (Routledge, 2016), pp. 206–225.

‘Elections without recognition: presidential and parliamentary contests in Abkhazia and Nagorny Karabakh’, Caucasus Survey, Vol. 3 No. 3 (October) 2015 pp. 239-257. (alternative link)

‘Elections in De Facto States: Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh and Transnistria’ политические науки (Political science) (July 2014) pp. 135-161.

‘The Dynamics of Electoral Politics in Abkhazia’, Communist and Post Communist Studies, 27/1-2 (June 2012) pp. 165-174.

‘What Happens When an Unrecognized Country Experiences a Revolution?’, The Global Observatory, 13 June 2014.
Republished on 25 June 2014 by the International Relations and Security Network

‘Dubious Election Produces a Divisive New President in Abkhazia’, The Global Observatory, 3 September 2014.

‘Politics in an Unrecognised State: The Case of Abkhazia’ (with Karolina Ó Beacháin-Stefanczak), P@x: Online Bulletin of Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra, Special Edition on De Facto States and Ethnic Conflicts (21: September 2012) pp. 11-13

‘Snapshots from Abkhazia 2001-2012’ in Metin Sönmez (ed.) Reflections on Abkhazia [14 August] 1992-2012 (Abkhaz World, London and Sukhumi 2012) pp. 28-33.

“Abkhaz” in Jeffrey Cole (Ed.) Ethnic Groups in Europe (ABC-CLIO, 2011) pp. 2-5


Post-Soviet Central Asia and the Caucasus


‘Imagined democracy’? Nation-building and Elections in Central Asia (with Rob Kevlihan), Nationalities Papers Volume 43 No.3 (2015) pp. 495-513.

‘Go West: Georgia’s European identity and its role in domestic politics and foreign policy objectives’ (with Frederik Coene), Nationalities Papers Volume 42 No. 6 (2014) pp. 923-941.

‘The Russian Federation and Georgia’ in Karmo Tüür and Viacheslav Morozov (eds.) Russian Federation 2014: Short-term prognosis (University of Estonia Press, Tartu, 2014) pp. 165-168.

‘Threading a needle – Kazakhstan between civic and ethno nationalist state-building’ (with Rob Kevlihan), Nations and Nationalism Volume 19/2 (April 2013) pp. 337-356.

‘The Role of External Actors in Post-Soviet Frozen Conflicts’, Contemporary Central Asia, Volume 17/1, (August 2013) pp. 30-48.

‘Social and political perceptions of the Borat phenomenon in Kazakhstan: evidence from a case study of university students’, Studies of Transition States and Societies, 3/3 (November 2011) pp. 51-63

‘Parliamentary elections in Kazakhstan’, Electoral Studies, 24/4, (December 2005) pp. 762-769.


Colour Revolutions / Regime Change in the Former Soviet Union


‘The Color Revolution Virus and Authoritarian Antidotes: Political Protest and Regime Counterattacks in Post-Communist Spaces’ (With Abel Polese), Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, 19/3 (Spring 2011) pp. 111-132.

‘Rocking the Vote’: New forms of youth organisations in post communist spaces. Journal Of Youth Studies, 13, 4 (2010) pp. 615-630.

‘Roses and Tulips: Dynamics of Regime Change in Georgia and Kyrgyzstan’, Journal Of Communist Studies And Transition Politics 25, 2&3, (2009) pp. 199-226.

‘American Boots and Russian Vodka: The importance of external factors in colour revolutions in Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan’ (With Abel Polese) Totalitarismus Und Demokratie, 5/1 (2008) pp. 87-113.

‘Kyrgyzstan’s Tulip Revolution’ in Immanuel Ness (Ed.), The World Encyclopaedia of Protest and Revolution: 1600 to Present. (Blackwell, Oxford, 2009) pp. 3328-3333.

‘Color Revolutions’ (with Abel Polese) in Immanuel Ness (Ed.), The World Encyclopaedia of Protest and Revolution: 1600 to Present. (Blackwell, Oxford, 2009) pp. 810-818.

‘From Roses to Bullets: The rise and decline of post-Soviet colour revolutions’ (with Abel Polese) Totalitarianism and Transformation: Central and Eastern Europe between Socialist Legacy and Democratic Transformation (Totalitarismus und Transformation Defizite der Demokratiekonsolidierung in Mittel- und Osteuropa), 2009. pp63-100.


Irish Foreign Policy


‘Ireland’s Foreign Relations in 2014’, Irish Studies in International Affairs (Vol. 26, 2015) pp. 275-320.

‘Ireland’s Foreign Relations in 2013’, Irish Studies in International Affairs (Vol. 25, 2014) pp. 259-301.

‘Ireland’s Foreign Relations in 2012’, Irish Studies in International Affairs (Vol. 24, 2013) pp. 347-376.

‘Ireland’s Chairmanship of the OSCE – A Mid-Term Review’, Irish Studies in International Affairs (Vol. 23, 2012) pp. 89-109.


Irish Politics and History


‘The Dog that Didn’t Bark: The evolution of Southern unionism in pre and post-revolutionary Ireland’, History Ireland, Vol. 23, No. 4 (July/August 2015) pp. 44-48.

‘Elections and Political Communication’ in Mark O’Brien and Donnacha Ó Beacháin (eds.) Political Communication in Ireland: Journalism, Politics and the Public, Liverpool University Press (2014) pp. 25-44.

‘From Guns to Government: The IRA in Context’, Studies of Transition States and Societies, 2014, 6/1 (2014) pp. 68-74.

‘Slightly Constitutional’ Politics: Fianna Fáil’s tortuous entry to the Irish Parliament, 1926-27′. Parliamentary History, 29, 3 (2010) pp. 376-394.

‘Was Sinn Féin Dying? A quantitative post mortem of the party’s decline and the emergence of Fianna Fáil’. Irish Political Studies, 24, 3 (2009) pp. 385-398.

‘From Revolutionaries to Politicians: Deradicalization and the Irish Experience’, Radical History Review, Winter2003, Issue 85, pp. 114-123


Post-Soviet conflicts


‘The Role of the EU and the OSCE in Promoting Security and Cooperation in the South Caucasus and Moldova’ in Ayca Ergun and Hamlet Isaxanli (eds) Security and Cross-Border Cooperation in the EU, Black Sea Region and the Southern Caucasus (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series, IOS Press, 2013) pp. 42-57.

European Union to Ukraine: sorry, you’re on your own, Crikey, 19 March 2014.

‘Can Ukraine cross the great divide?’ Sunday Business Post, 2 March 2014. Available at

Ukraine: Quo Vadis?, Bastion Digital, 24 February 2014.
Also published in Spanish – ‘Hacia dónde va Ucrania’


Articles published in foreign languages


Ukraine: Quo Vadis?, Bastion Digital, 24 February 2014.
Also published in Spanish – ‘Hacia dónde va Ucrania’

«Rocking the Vote»: Новые формы организации молодежи в посткоммунистическом пространстве, Форум новейшей восточноевропейской истории и культуры Русское издание
№ 1, 2014, pp. 145-164.